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prof. Ing. Kamil Hudec, PhD.
Identification number: 1465
University e-mail: kamil.hudec [at] uniag.sk
 
professor CSc./PhD. - Department of Plant Protection (FAaFR)

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Basic information

Basic information about a final thesis

Type of thesis: Diploma thesis
Thesis title:Efficacy of chemical protection against leaf diseases of winter wheat
Written by (author): Ing. Zoltán Apacs
Department: Department of Plant Protection (FAaFR)
Thesis supervisor: prof. Ing. Kamil Hudec, PhD.
Opponent:doc. Ing. Jana Ivanič Porhajašová, PhD.
Final thesis progress:Final thesis was successfully defended.


Additional information

Additional information about the final thesis follows. Click on the language link to display the information in the desired language.

Language of final thesis:Slovak

Slovak        English

Title of the thesis:Efficacy of chemical protection against leaf diseases of winter wheat
Summary:This diploma thesis is focused on solving of fungicide efficiency against leaf fungal pathogens of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). 9 fungicides were followed in compare with unprotected control variant. There were realized 4 replications of each variant. The experiment was located in Veľké Zálužie in mayze production region. Application of fungicide treatment was provided in growth stage BBCH 39-64 (T2 application). After 14 days was checked a fungal efficacy against leaf pathogens and damaging of leaf area was evaluated. The most observed leaf patogens during vegetation of 2013 were: Septoria leaf blotch (Mycosphaerella graminicola an. Septoria tritici), Tan spot of wheat (Pyrenophora tritici-repentis an. Drechslera tritici-repentis) and Powdery mildew (Blumeria graminis). Attack by these diseases was: 5,5 % (epoxiconazole + fenpropimorph), 5,63 % (azoxystrobin + cyproconazole), 8,38 % (tebuconazole + prothioconazole), 9,68 % (cyproconazole + propiconazole), 12 % (propiconazole + prochloraz), 12,5 % (spiroxamine + tebuconazole + triadimenol), 13 % (epoxiconazole + metrafenone + fenpropimorph), 15,5 % (tebuconazole + prochloraz), 16,45 % (spiroxamine + prothioconazole + tebuconazole) leaf area and the highest attack was 22,1 % in control variant. On the basis of this attack the fungicide efficiency was calculated for each substance active of each fungicide. Series was following: 75,1 % (epoxiconazole + fenpropimorph), 74,53% (azoxystrobin + cyproconazole), 62 % (tebuconazole + prothioconazole), 56,2 % (cyproconazole + propiconazole), 45,7 % (propiconazole + prochloraz), 43,44 % (spiroxamine + tebuconazole + triadimenol), 41,2 % (epoxiconazole + metrafenone + fenpropimorph), 29,9 % (tebuconazole + prochloraz), 25,56 % (spiroxamine + prothioconazole + tebuconazole). The economical profitability of fungicides is following: : azoxystrobin + cyproconazole (186,74 eur), epoxiconazole + fenpropimorph (180,7 eur), spiroxamine + prothioconazole + tebuconazole (123,64 eur), cyproconazole + propiconazole (85,93 eur), spiroxamine + tebuconazole + triadimenol (70,24 eur), propiconazole + prochloraz (67,1 eur), tebuconazole + prothioconazole (58,22 eur), tebuconazole + prochloraz (28,33 eur), epoxiconazole + metrafenone + fenpropimorph (5,35 eur). The most economical effective fungicide in 2013 against leaf fungal pathogens of winter wheat was with mix of strobilurine and triazol substance.
Key words:fungicide, wheat, pathogen

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