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prof.h.c. doc. Ing. Natália Turčeková, PhD.
Identification number: 1651
University e-mail: natalia.turcekova [at]
associate professor CSc./PhD. - Department of Economics (FEM)
dekanát - centrum - Faculty of Economics and Management
Vice-dean - Faculty of Economics and Management

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Basic information

Basic information about a final thesis

Type of thesis: Bachelor thesis
Thesis title:Assets and Capital Structure of Selected Company
Written by (author): Bc. Marek Hudák
Department: Department of Economics (FEM)
Thesis supervisor: prof.h.c. doc. Ing. Natália Turčeková, PhD.
Opponent:Ing. Tatiana Bullová, PhD.
Final thesis progress:Final thesis was successfully defended.

Additional information

Additional information about the final thesis follows. Click on the language link to display the information in the desired language.

Language of final thesis:English

Slovak        English

Title of the thesis:Assets and Capital Structure of Selected Company
Summary:Primary and fundamental objective of each company is to achieve profit. If a company is profitable the most important assumption for long-term functioning in economic environment is fulfilled. The objective of the bachelor thesis is to analyse assets and capital of the selected company, evaluate validity of golden balance rule and lastly calculate and interpret indicators of effectiveness. As studied object, we have chosen AGRO – MOLD akciová spoločnosť which has been focusing on primary agricultural production since 1995. Evaluation period was chosen as 3 years. More specifically, it is the range between years 2014 and 2016. Asset structure didn’t change significantly at the end of the evaluation period. Capital structure was developing similarly as assets with slight change at the end of the period. It is worth to mention, that the biggest fluctuations were recorded during years 2015 and 2016. According to golden balance rule, the company was during whole period undercapitalized and during years 2014 and 2015 had uncovered debt. In 2016, the company had pure operational capital. This phenomenon can be explained by the fact, that loan during years 2014 and 2015 was accounted into short-term liabilities, but because of the accounting principles, this loan was accounted in 2016 into long-term liabilities. Lastly, we examined indicators of effectiveness like liquidity, activity, indebtedness and profitability. The company didn´t have many liquid sources because it is agricultural company and achieved low sales because of ecological production. Turn over period of assets and long-term property was under optimal value because the company has to large extent long-term tangible property. Receivables collection period was getting worse each year. However, payables payment period reached value 100 days, which is almost optimal. Total indebtedness was improving during all years and reached 56% which is according to literature acceptable value. Last indicator was problematic because in 2015 the company achieved huge profit in all areas. On the other hand, in 2016 the numbers were negative and according to indicators the company achieved loss. These fluctuations were caused by the fact, that the company sold shares of its daughter companies AGRO – MOLD VALALIKY and MOLD- TRADE s.r.o. This situation is extraordinary because it happens only once per whole life of the functioning company and that’s why it won’t happen again in the future.
Key words:Company, Primary agricultural production, Asset and capital structure, Golden balance rule, Indicators of effectiveness

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